Centos 6.4 安装Python 2.7 python-pip的详细步骤

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1. 准备工作

下载源码包

            
wget http://python.org/ftp/python/2.7.3/Python-2.7.3.tar.bz2
          

查看是否安装make工具

            
~#rpm -qa|grep make
automake-1.11.1-4.el6.noarch
make-3.81-20.el6.x86_64
          

如果没有安装make工具

            
yum -y install gcc automake autoconf libtool make
          

查看是否安装zlib库

            
~#rpm -qa|grep zlib
zlib-devel-1.2.3-29.el6.x86_64
zlib-1.2.3-29.el6.x86_64
          

安装zlib

            
yum install zlib-devel
          

检查是否安装ssl 库

            
~#rpm -qa|grep openssl
openssl-devel-1.0.1e-16.el6_5.x86_64
openssl-static-1.0.1e-16.el6_5.x86_64
openssl098e-0.9.8e-17.el6.centos.2.x86_64
openssl-1.0.1e-16.el6_5.x86_64
openssl-perl-1.0.1e-16.el6_5.x86_64
          

安装openssl

            
yum install openssl*
          

安装bzip2依赖库

            
yum install -y bzip2*
          

2. 编译安装

            
cp Python-2.7.3.tar.bz2 /usr/src/
tar -jxvf Python-2.7.3.tar.bz2
vi Modules/Setup.dist
          

找到

            
#SSL=/usr/local/ssl
#_ssl _ssl.c \
#    -DUSE_SSL -I$(SSL)/include -I$(SSL)/include/openssl \
#    -L$(SSL)/lib -lssl -lcrypto
......
#zlib zlibmodule.c -I$(prefix)/include -L$(exec_prefix)/lib -lz
          

把注释去掉

编译

            
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/python2.7
make all 
make install
make clean
make distclean
          

安装成功

            
~#/usr/local/python2.7/bin/python2.7
Python 2.7.3 (default, Dec 18 2013, 15:43:35) 
[GCC 4.4.7 20120313 (Red Hat 4.4.7-4)] on linux2
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>> 
          
            
cd /usr/local/python2.7
python setup.py install
          

建立python2.7 软链

            
~#mv /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/python.bak
~#ln -s /usr/local/python2.7/bin/python2.7 /usr/bin/python2.7
~#ln -s /usr/bin/python2.7 /usr/bin/python
          

3. 解决yum无法使用的问题

            
~#yum update
There was a problem importing one of the Python modules
required to run yum. The error leading to this problem was:

  No module named yum

Please install a package which provides this module, or
verify that the module is installed correctly.

It's possible that the above module doesn't match the
current version of Python, which is:
2.7.3 (default, Dec 18 2013, 15:43:35) 
[GCC 4.4.7 20120313 (Red Hat 4.4.7-4)]

If you cannot solve this problem yourself, please go to 
the yum faq at:
 http://yum.baseurl.org/wiki/Faq
          

因为centos 6.4 下yum默认使用的是python2.6

            
vi /usr/bin/yum
----------------------------------------------------
#!/usr/bin/python
import sys
try:
  import yum
except ImportError:
.......
          

修改为

            
#!/usr/bin/python2.6
........
          

4. 安装python-pip工具

先安装setup-tools

            
wget https://pypi.python.org/packages/2.7/s/setuptools/setuptools-0.6c11-py2.7.egg --no-check-certificate
chmod +x setuptools-0.6c11-py2.7.egg
sh setuptools-0.6c11-py2.7.egg
          

安装pip

            
wget https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/pip/pip-1.3.1.tar.gz --no-check-certificate
cp pip-1.3.1.tar.gz /usr/src/
tar zxvf pip-1.3.1.tar.gz
cd pip-1.3.1
python setup.py install
ln -s /usr/local/python2.7/bin/pip /usr/bin/pip
          

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